New university student housing in Paris-Saclay by Bruther and Baukunst supplies comfort and ease in an eerie landscape of corporate expansion and disused agrarian plots
To access the pupil housing created by Bruther’s Stéphanie Bru (Bru-) and Alexandre Theriot (-ther) in collaboration with Belgian observe Baukunst (Adrien Verschuere) 20km south of Paris, a series of spatial and architectural thresholds are crossed. The 1st can take the form of an hour-prolonged journey from Gare du Nord and by the prosperous landscape of the city’s southern banlieue. Just like in London, there is a peculiar atmosphere in the south of Paris that is calmer and quirkier than the rest of the city. Leaving the town behind at the small quasi-rural station of Lozère and walking uphill as a result of the woods is a bucolic practical experience that is abruptly interrupted when the plateau at the prime of the slope reveals a sea of brand name-new company properties.
The US-design campus of Paris-Saclay is a cluster-in-the-generating of substantial-profile universities and non-public and community organisations that is touted as the ‘French Silicon Valley’ or the ‘French Palo Alto’. Dropped in the middle of agricultural lands, this is a New Town of sorts that has been escalating steadily for the past 15 decades, supplying a mix of bland, very similar-seeking and immediately overlooked buildings combined with a lot more bold and showy starchitect styles by the likes of Renzo Piano Constructing Workshop (École Normale Supérieure), OMA (CentraleSupélec), and Grafton Architects (Institut Mines-Télécom). Amongst these properties are vacant streets, deserted websites, voids waiting around for the upcoming projects, and barely any individuals – it is a interval of university holidays after all.
Isolated in the landscape, Bruther and Baukunst’s university student housing stands out by dint of its physicality and peculiar define. The building’s thoroughly clean silhouette – it could be represented in a couple pencil strokes – is a much cry from some of the exaggerated ‘futuristic’ buildings nearby, which feel to suffer from an acute over-reliance on CAD and BIM application. The 70m-lengthy jap aisle is topped with 6 50 percent-circles, as well as two quarter-circles on every extremity. Pastel curtains in gentle banana yellow, blush-crimson, lapis blue and teal comprise a colourful facade, symbolically turning a domestic fabric threshold meant for privacy, darkness and insulation into an architectural aspect in its very own suitable. The colors carry Le Corbusier’s Cité Radieuse in Marseille to head, while the arches evoke London’s Barbican Estate by Chamberlin, Powell and Bon. The motifs, the references, the substance – predominantly concrete – plainly posture the setting up in the language of modernist architecture. This is bolstered by the parking areas that occupy two basements, but also the first and next floors. Open up and bounded by a translucent frosted guardrail, these seem to cite the open flooring of Le Corbusier’s Dom-Ino Home.
‘In in between these buildings are empty roadways, deserted web pages, voids ready for the upcoming projects’
The parking spaces on the upper floors are meant to be adaptable: when time will come to get rid of the cars and trucks in Saclay and host extra college students, the to start with and second storeys will be retrofitted for accommodation. In front of the main entrance on Boulevard Gaspar Monge, mammoth pillars have been erected in pairs, a handful of metres apart, and go on into the distance as far as the eye can see, throughout the empty roads and the fields – it appears like they are supporting an invisible deck. At some point, they will be portion of the viaduct of the new line 18 of the Métro, which is owing to open here in 2026 and which will move right by the building’s to start with floor. Those two car or truck parking floors, left hollow, bring lightness to the building’s design and style and are served by a generous, just about playful double-helix ramp that roundly disrupts the rigid facade – the planned retrofitting may possibly clear away some of the architecture’s appeal.
Earlier the external gate and into the internal lawn, the helicoidal motif is recurring with two crisis staircases in sanded concrete. The building’s a few seven-storey aisles are organised close to an open up patio, in preserving with the neighbourhood’s masterplan by Belgian architect Xaveer de Geyter, who imagined a continuity of shut and open up inexperienced areas motivated by college campuses in the US. But for now, it opens onto a wasteland, wherever the lush vegetation of the patio slowly and gradually spills by means of a metal fence.
The environmentally friendly inner garden features constrained messiness: it is fluffy about the edges with a neat patch of grass in its centre. The hue of this luxuriant backyard garden contrasts nicely with the cream concrete all close to, and the pastel curtains, but also with the uncanny landscapes over and above the building’s boundaries: dry, yellow, parched. Inspite of its appeal for citizens, this artificial oasis also epitomises the absurdity of the grand layouts of French politicians and planners, who have covered the region’s most fertile agricultural land with concrete in purchase to change it into a ‘green’ US-fashion campus.
There is some thing sober, practically monastic, in Bruther and Baukunst’s college student housing that could be off-putting to people or potential people. It is partly joined to the concept of pupil daily life and its dedication to learning, but it also will come from the austerity of the materials. Metallic is utilized thoroughly, which include for the fitted kitchens and slim metal staircases – the 3rd repetition of the helicoidal motif – that equip the major duplex flats developed for flat sharing, but it is in particular the omnipresence of béton brut, both of those inside and exterior, that is putting. A product whose ecological credentials are controversial, concrete remains extensively applied in France but usually concealed powering plaster or cladding – here it is on exhibit, alongside with its defects and roughness. (And of course, the ‘Bruthalism’ joke is tempting.)
‘The motifs, the references, the content – primarily concrete – obviously place the building in the language of modernist architecture’
On my visit, there is no one particular around apart from the cleaning staff members slowly wandering as a result of the empty areas. And nonetheless the environment is heat, comfortable. The mosaic of colored curtains is repeated on the facades inside the lawn, but people have made use of them to reclaim their non-public areas, generating knots or getting rid of the very first colored curtain to maintain only a next silver a person that is probably meant for insulation and opacity. Despite the residents’ absence, there is so substantially lifestyle oozing from this making: clothes lying around, particular objects, cigarettes remaining in ashtrays, plants, and a generous variety of vacant beer and wine bottles.
Heading back to Paris on the line B of the RER, make guaranteed to get off at Cité Universitaire, the first halt previous the Périphérique, which functions as the city’s infamous threshold. The worldwide campus, which was impressed by England’s garden city movement and initially opened in 1925, is a exceptional house in Paris: a mosaic of neoregionalist architecture rubbing shoulders with modernist styles, which includes two buildings by Le Corbusier (the pavilions for Switzerland and Brazil, the latter with Lúcio Costa). In 2018, Bruther developed a different college student housing venture below, 1 of a few new structures included to the website for the 1st time given that the 1960s. This and the undertaking at Saclay have a number of components in widespread: bare concrete, a clear glass envelope, curtains as a essential architectural element, an architecture on stilts.
‘The mosaic of colored curtains is recurring on the facades facing the yard, but residents have used them to reclaim their personal spaces’
But the place the Saclay job was structured by horizontal thresholds, the Cité Universitaire responds to the constraints of the hyper-density of Paris and a sophisticated terrain by adopting vertical ones: bridges, voids, amounts. To stroll the two campuses, the tidy English backyard garden city-influenced ‘Cité U’ as opposed to Saclay’s expansive US aspiration, is to working experience two spatial imaginaries – every single is an amalgamation of yesterday’s tomorrows in its possess way. The Saclay venture shows the same paradoxes as the campus it is part of, which is futuristic and superficially retro at the identical time.
The landscape of the ‘French Palo Alto’, a brand name-new city that has by now started to decay while waiting for its initially inhabitants, is an picture of today’s modernity but also that of postwar modernism. Yet placing apart the design of urbanism it serves, Bruther and Baukunst’s challenge is undeniably charming, stylish, intelligent and snug. The bare sophistication of this joyful convent produces an irresistible motivation to settle down, study perhaps, occasion for absolutely sure, and pull open up the immense curtains to contemplate the eerie landscape of Paris-Saclay in the generating.